Investigation the Effect of Outsourcing Strategy on the Land Preparation Operation in the Product Cultivation Sugarcane (Case study: Amirkabir Agro-industry and Debal Khazaei Agro-industry companies)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc. Student of Agricultural Mechanization, Biosystems engineering Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Assistant professor, Biosystems engineering Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 professor, Biosystems engineering Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran


ABSTRACT: Sugarcane is one of the most important industrial plants in Khuzestan province. With the rising costs of purchasing, maintaining, agricultural machinery, sugarcane agribusinesses have been adopting outsourcing strategies in various sectors, especially in agricultural operations, over the last few years. Considering the importance of three criteria: cost, timely performance and quality in agricultural operations, these three criteria were evaluated in the work of contractor and company labor force in preparation in Amirkabir and Debal Khazaei agribusinesses. To investigate costs, cost information was obtained from the companies studied. The quality of operations was evaluated by field data collection and measurement of qualitative indices. Also, to check the timing of operations, the agricultural operations calendar was compared with actual days of work. Finally, the indices tested (in outsourced and non-outsourced farms) were compared using t-test for independent samples. The most important criterion for land acquisition operations in the agribusiness companies studied is the quality of operations. The results of the comparisons also showed that there is no significant difference between the cost and time of the contractor and corporate force operations but in terms of quality, which is the most important criterion for agribusinesses, contractor workforce outweighs corporate workforce. Therefore, outsourcing operations are for the benefit of the studied companies.


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Volume 52, Issue 3
September 2021
Pages 451-468
  • Receive Date: 22 December 2020
  • Revise Date: 27 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 19 June 2021
  • First Publish Date: 23 September 2021