بررسی کارایی واحدهای پرورش مرغ گوشتی به روش تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها، مطالعه موردی: استان اصفهان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه ایلام

2 عضو هیئت علمی/گروه مهندسی مکانیک بیوسیستم، دانشگاه ایلام.

3 دانشگاه اراک

چکیده

در این مطالعه الگوی مصرف انرژی، کارایی و درصد ذخیره انرژی برای مرغداری­های مرغ گوشتی سه شهرستان اصفهان، نائین و نجف­آباد با ظرفیت­های مختلف مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. میانگین کل افزوده خالص انرژی برای ظرفیت­های کمتر از 10 هزار، 10 تا 30 هزار و بیشتر از 30 هزار قطعه به ترتیب 66/143-، 58/129- و 99/94- گیگاژول بر هزار قطعه مرغ به دست آمد. کارایی فنی برای ظرفیت­های کمتر از 10 هزار، 10 تا 30 هزار و بیشتر از 30 هزار قطعه به ترتیب 88، 92 و 96 درصد برآورد گردید. کارایی فنی خالص به ترتیب ظرفیت­ها 97، 98 و 99 درصد به دست آمد. انرژی ورودی بهینه­سازی شده توسط مدل بازگشت به مقیاس متغیر به ترتیب برای ظرفیت­های کمتر از 10 هزار، 10 تا 30 هزار و بیشتر از 30 هزار قطعه برابر 90/146، 80/136و 77/117 گیگاژول بر هزار قطعه مرغ به دست آمد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of energy efficiency of broiler production farms using data envelopment analysis technique, case study: Isfahan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Payandeh 1
  • Kamran Kheiralipour 2
  • Mahmoud Karimi 3
1 Ilam University
2 Ilam University
3 Arak University
چکیده [English]

In this study, energy consumption pattern, efficiency and the percentage of saved energy and inputs of poultry production farms in Isfahan, Nain and Najafabad townships with different capacities were evaluated. The average of net energy gain per 1000 bird for capacities less than 10, 10-30 and more than 30 thousand pieces was calculated as -143.66, -129.58 and -94.99 GJ/1000 bird, respectively. Technical efficiency for different capacity groups was 88, 92 and 96 %, respectively, and pure technical efficiency was 97, 98 and 99 %, respectively. The optimized input energy by the returns to variable scale model for capacities less than 10, 10-30 and more than 30 thousand pieces was 146.90, 136.80 and 117.77 GJ/1000 birds, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Poultry
  • Capacity
  • Energy management
  • Technical efficiency
  • Pure technical efficiency
Alrwis, K. N. & Francis, E. (2003). Technical efficiency of broiler farms in the central region of Saudi Arabia: stochastic frontier approach. Research Bulletin, 116, 25-34.
Amid, S., Mesri Gundoshmian, T., Rafiee. S. (2014). Evaluation of energy use of broiler production in Ardabil region, The First Congress of Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resources, 20 Jan., Tehran.
Anonymous. (2014). Institution of Poultry Information. http://www.infopoultry.net/vdch.nw23nx6ft2.html
Anonymous. (2015). Agricultural Statistics. Organization of Agricultural Jahad Isfahan.
Atilgan, A. & Koknaroglu, H. (2006). Cultural energy analysis on broilers reared in different capacity poultry houses. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 5(4), 393-400.
Berg, M. J., Tymoczkco, L. J. & Stryer, L. 2002. Biochemistry. 5th edition. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Candmir, M. & Koyubenbe, N. (2006). Efficiency analysis of dairy farms in the province of Izmir (Turkey): DEA. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 29(1), 61-64.
Celik, L. O. (2003). Effects of dietary supplemental L-carnitine and ascorbic acid on performance, carcass composition and plasma L-carnitine concentration of broiler chicks reared under different temperature. Archives of animal nutrition,57(1), 27-38.
Charnes, A., Cooper, W.W., Rhodes, E., 1978. Measuring the efficiency of decision making units. European Journal of Operational Research 2, 429-444.
Chauhan, N. S., Mohapatra, P. K. J. & Pandey, K. P. (2006). Improving energy productivity in paddy production through benchmarking: an application of data envelopment analysis. Energy Conversation Management, 47(9-10), 1063-85.
Esfanjari Kenari, R., Mardani, M. & Talebi, S. (2013). Evaluation of the energy use of broiler production farms in Fars Province. The First National Conference on Clean Energy, 25 April., Hamedan. (In Farsi).
Ghojebeig. F. (2010). A decision support system for optimizing energy consumption in vegetable production greenhouses. M.Sc. Thesis. Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology. University of Tehran. (In Farsi).
Gonzalez-Garcia, S., Gomez-Fernandez, z., Dias, A., Feijoo, G., Moreira, T. & Arroja, l. (2014). Life cycle assessment of broiler chicken production: A Portouguese case study. cleaner production, 74, 125.
Heidari, M. D., Omid, M. & Akram, A. (2011). Energy efficiency and econometric analysis of boiler production farms. Energy, 36(11), 6536-41.
Heidari, M., Omid, M. & Akram, A. (2012). An investigation on energy consumption and the effects of number of chicks and ventilation system type on energy efficiency of broiler farms of Yazd Province. Journal of Researches in Mechanics of Agricultural Machinery, 1(1), 33-39. (In Farsi).
Hosseini, S. M. & Didekhani, H. (2015). Evaluation of efficiency of broiler production farms in Golestan Province using data envelopment analysis technique (DEA). The First International Conference in New Research of Management, Accounting and Economy, 17 Sep., Tehran University. (In Farsi).
Kitani, O. CIGR Handbook of Agricultural ngineering. 5th edition, Energy and Biomass Engineering, America: ASAE publication, 1999.
Kittle, A. P. (1993). Alternate Daily Cover Materials and Subtitle-the Selection Technique Rusmar. Incorporated West Chester, PA.
Kizilaslan, H. (2009). Input–output energy analysis of cherries production in Tokat Province of Turkey. Applied Energy, 86(7-8), 1354-1358.
LEAP. (2014). Greenhouse gas emissions and fossil energy demand from poultry supply chains: Guidelines for quantification. Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance Partnership. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Liu, J. S., Lu, L. Y., Lu, W. M., & Lin, B. J. (2013). Data envelopment analysis 1978–2010: A citation-based literature survey. Omega, 41(1), 3-15.
Mohamadi, A. (2008). Efficiency measurement of the broilers producers by the use of data envelopment analysis (Case study: Fars Province). Agricultural Economics and Development, 16(63), 89-116.
Mohammadi, A., Rafiee, S., Mohtasebi, S. S., Avval, S. H. M., & Rafiee, H. (2011). Energy efficiency improvement and input cost saving in kiwifruit production using Data Envelopment Analysis approach. Renewable Energy, 36(9), 2573-2579.
Mousavi-Avval, S. H., Rafiee, S., Jafari, A., & Mohammadi, A. (2011). Improving energy use efficiency of canola production using data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach. Energy, 36(5), 2765-2772.
Nabavi-Pelesaraei, A., Abdi, R., Rafiee, S., & Mobtaker, H. G. (2014). Optimization of energy required and greenhouse gas emissions analysis for orange producers using data envelopment analysis approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 65, 311-317.
Najafi Anari, S., Khademolhossaini, N., Jazayeri, K & Mirzadeh, K. (2008). Evaluation of energy efficiency of broiler production in Ahvaz region. In: The 5th National Congress on Agriculture Machinery Engineer & Mechanization., 27-28 Aug., Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. (In Farsi).
Naghibzadeh, S. S., Javadi, A., Rahmati, M.H & Mehranzadeh, M. (2011). Investigation and analysis of energy consumption in the rearing of broilers in the north of Khuzestan. The 6th National Congress on Agriculture Machinery Engineering and Mechanization., 27-28 Aug., University of Tehran. (In Farsi).
Rezitis, A. & Tsidoukas, N. (2003). Investigation of factor influencing the technical efficiency of agricultural producers participating in farm credit programs. Agricultural and Applied Economics, 35(3), 85-103.
Yusuf, S.A. & Malomo, O. (2007). Technical efficiency of poultry egg production in Ogun state: a DEA approach. Journal of Poultry Science, 6(9), 622-629.