استفاده از پوست سبز گردو به عنوان رنگدانه جدید در سلول‌های خورشیدی حساس به رنگدانه، مبتنی بر نانوذارت TiO2

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 گروه مهندسی بیوسیستم- دانشکده کشاورزی- دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.

2 گروه مهندسی بیوسیستم- دانشکده کشاورزی- دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 گروه شیمی مواد غذایی- پژوهشکده صنایع غذایی


در این تحقیق برای اولین بار رنگدانه پوست سبز گردو به عنوان حساس کننده طبیعی در سلول­های خورشیدی حساس به رنگدانه مبتنی بر نانوذرات TiO2 استفاده شد. رنگدانه‌ها با استفاده از دستگاه فراصوت استخراج و به روش صابونی سازی داغ پالایش شدند. از طیف سنجی­جذبی UV-Vis برای بررسی ویژگی­های جذبی رنگدانه و همچنین از طیف­سنجی مادون قرمز تبدیل فوریه (FTIR) برای شناسایی گروه­های عاملی در رنگدانه استفاده شد. منحنی I-V و بازده تبدیل فوتون به جریان (IPCE)، برای بررسی ویژگی‌های فتوولتائیکی رنگدانه تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که سلول ساخته شده تحت شرایط استاندارد دارای چگالی جریان 939/0 mA/cm2، ولتاژ مدار باز  792/0 V، ضریب پرشدگی 71/0 و بازده کلی  528/0% می‌باشد، که در مقایسه با کارهای مشابه مقادیر قابل توجه و خوبی را نشان می­دهد.این بهبود بازده نتیجه استخراج و پالایش صحیح رنگدانه و همچنین ناشی از ساختار رنگدانه پوست سبز گردو است که انتقال بار به نانوذارت نیمه­رسانا را میسر می­کند.



عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of green walnut shell as a novel pigment in DSSC based on TiO2 nanoparticles.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kambiz Hossein Panahi 1
  • Mohammad Hossein Abbaspour-Fard 2
1 Dept. of Biosystems Engineering- Faculty of Agriculture - Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
چکیده [English]

Natural dye extract of walnut shell, was extracted using an ultrasonic processor and purified by Hot saponification method, has been studied as a novel sensitizing dye to fabricate TiO2 nanoparticles based Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC). The extract was characterized using UV–Vis absorption spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) employed to identify the anchoring groups in walnut shell pigment. The typical current-voltage and the incident photon to current efficiency (IPCE) curves were also provided and analysed for studying the photovoltaic properties. The Walnut shell extract exhibited a short circuit current density (Jsc) of 0.939 mA/cm2, open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.792 V, fill factor (FF) of 0.71 and conversion efficiency of 0.528% under standard test conditions. These are fairly good in comparison with the other similar cells. The improvement in efficiency is mainly due to the correct and good extraction and purification method and also due to the structure of walnut shell pigments that enhanced the charge transfer between the dye extract of Walnut shell and the TiO2 photo anode surface. However, such efficiency is still a lot needs to be improved to compete with the existing cells. This shows the need for extensive research in this area of research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • solar cell
  • Pigment
  • walnut shell
  • Chlorophyll
  • TiO2 nanoparticles
Calogero, Giuseppe, Antonino Bartolotta, Gaetano Di Marco, Aldo Di Carlo and Francesco Bonaccorso (2015). Vegetable-based dye-sensitized solar cells. Chemical Society Reviews 44: 3244-3294. doi: 10.1039/C4CS00309H
Chang, Ho, Mu-Jung Kao, Tien-Li Chen, Chih-Hao Chen, Kun-Ching Cho and Xuan-Rong Lai. (2013). Characterization of natural dye extracted from wormwood and purple cabbage for dye-sensitized solar cells. International Journal of Photoenergy 2013.
Dasgupta, N., and A. Dasgupta, (2007). Semiconductor Devices, Modelling and Technology. In Semiconductor Devices, Modelling and Technology, Paper presented at the Prentic Hall of India. New Delhi.
El-Agez, Taher M, Ahmed A El Tayyan, Amal Al-Kahlout, Sofyan A Taya and Monzir S Abdel-Latif, (2012). Dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO films and natural dyes. International Journal of Materials and Chemistry, 2, 105-110.
Ellabban, O;, H; Abu-Rub and F;  Blaabjerg (2014). Renewable energy resources: Current status, future prospects and their enabling technology. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 39, 748-764.
Giuseppe, Calogero;, Bartolotta; Antonino, Di Marco; Gaetano, Di Carlo; Aldo and Bonaccorso; Francesco, (2015). Vegetable-based dye-sensitized solar cells. Chemical Society Reviews 44, 3244-3294.
Giuseppe, Calogero;, Ilaria; Citro, Gaetano; Di Marco, Simona; Armeli Minicante, Marina; Morabito and Giuseppa; Genovese, (2014). Brown seaweed pigment as a dye source for photoelectrochemical solar cells. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 117: 702-706. doi: http:// dx.doi.org /10. 1016/ j.saa. 2013.09.019
Hancock, Mary and A. Boxworth, (1997). potential for colourants from plant sources in england & wales. in potential for colourants from plant sources in england & wales: arable crops & horticulture division.
Hao, Sancun, Jihuai Wu, Yunfang Huang and Jianming Lin, (2006). Natural dyes as photosensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cell. Solar Energy 80: 209-214.
Hemalatha, KV, SN Karthick, C Justin Raj, N-Y Hong, S-K Kim and H-J Kim, (2012). Performance of Kerria japonica and Rosa chinensis flower dyes as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 96. 305-309.
Henning, A., G; Günzburger, R, Jöhr, Y; Rosenwaks, B; Bozic-Weber, C. E., Housecroft and T; Glatzel (2013). Kelvin probe force microscopy of nanocrystalline TiO2 photoelectrodes. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 4, 418-428.
Hopkins. V. J. (2007). Introduction to plant physiology. University of Tehran  Press. In Farsi.
Hug, H., M; Bader, P; Mair and T; Glatzel, (2014). Biophotovoltaics: Natural pigments in dye-sensitized solar cells. Applied Energy 115.
Ito, Seigo, Takurou N Murakami, Pascal Comte, Paul Liska, Carole Grätzel, Mohammad K Nazeeruddin and Michael Grätzel 2008. Fabrication of thin film dye sensitized solar cells with solar to electric power conversion efficiency over 10%. Thin solid films 516: 4613-4619.
Jin, En Mei, Kyung-Hee Park, Bo Jin, Je-Jung Yun and Hal-Bon Gu 2010. Photosensitization of nanoporous TiO2 films with natural dye. Physica Scripta 2010: 014006.
Jung, Hyun Suk and Jung-Kun Lee 2013. Dye Sensitized Solar Cells for Economically Viable Photovoltaic Systems. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4: 1682−1693.
Kalyanasundaram, K; 2010. Dye-sensitized solar cells: EPFL press.
Ludin, Norasikin A., A. M. Al-Alwani Mahmoud, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Abd Amir H. Kadhum, Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Nor Shazlinah Abdul Karim 2014. Review on the development of natural dye photosensitizer for dye-sensitized solar cells. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 31: 386-396. doi: http:// dx.doi. org/ 10. 1016/j.rser.2013.12.001
Nazeeruddin, M. K;, E; Baranoff and M; Grätzel 2011. Dye-sensitized solar cells: a brief overview. Solar Energy 85, 1172-1178.
Nishantha, MR, YPYP Yapa and VPS Perera 2 Sensitization of Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells with a Natural Dye Extracted from Kopsia flavida Fruit. In Sensitization of Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells with a Natural Dye Extracted from Kopsia flavida Fruit, Proceedings of the Technical Sessions, 54-58.
Pavia, D;, G; Lampman, G; Kriz and J;  Vyvyan, (2008). Introduction to spectroscopy: Cengage Learning.
Reza, H; and M; Ahmadi 2012. Nano-structured cell with natural pigments. In Nano-structured cell with natural pigments, First National Conference on Nano-electronics Kermanshah. (In Farsi).
Rowley, John G, Byron H Farnum, Shane Ardo and Gerald J Meyer 2010. Iodide chemistry in dye-sensitized solar cells: making and breaking I− I bonds for solar energy conversion. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 1: 3132-3140.
Schertz, F. M; 1983. Isolation of chlorophyll, cartene, and xanthophyll by improved methods. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry 30: 1073-1075.
Sinha, K;, P. D; Saha and S; Datta 2012. Extraction of natural dye from petals of Flame of forest (Butea monosperma) flower: Process optimization using response surface methodology (RSM). Dyes and Pigments 94: 212-216
Soga, T; 2006. Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion.Fundamentals of Solar Cell.
Statistics. Fundamentals on (2014) Energy Efficiency Indicators. In Energy Efficiency Indicators. Fundamentals on Statistics
Wang, Xiao-Feng, Cong-Hong Zhan, Takashi Maoka, Yuji Wada and Yasushi Koyama 2007. Fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells using chlorophylls c 1 and c 2 and their oxidized forms and from Undaria pinnatifida (Wakame). Chemical physics letters. 447, 79-85
Yeh, N; and P; Yeh 2013. Organic solar cells: Their developments and potentials. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 21: 421-431.
Zhang, D, N Yamamoto, T Yoshida and H Minoura 2002. Natural dye sensitized solar cells. transactions-materials research society of japan 27: 811-814.
Zhang, Dongshe, Suzanne M Lanier, Jonathan A Downing, Jason L Avent, June Lum and Jeanne L McHale 2008. Betalain pigments for dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 195: 72-80.