ارزیابی ابعاد زیست‌محیطی گلخانه‌های خیار با استفاده از ارزیابی‌چرخه حیات (مطالعه موردی: استان آذربایجان‌شرقی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مکانیزاسیون کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مهندسی بیوسیستم، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مهندسی ماشینهای کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی مغان، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر با رویکردی تلفیقی و با استفاده از ارزیابی چرخه حیات به بررسی و ارزیابی فرآیند تولید خیار گلخانه­ای در استان آذربایجان شرقی پرداخته شد. محاسبه اطلاعات سیاهه چرخه حیات (شامل سه قسمت نهاده‌های مصرفی، انتشارات مستقیم و غیرمستقیم مزرعه‌ای) پس از جمع آوری اطلاعات اولیه انجام شد. و بعد از به دست آوردن انتشارات غیر مستقیم (انتشارات به آب، انتشارات به هوا و انتشارات به خاک) مقدار آلایندگی‌ها در تولید خیار گلخانه‌ای محاسبه گردید. طبق نتایج به دست‌آمده در بین گروه‌های اثر، به ازای تولید یک تن خیار گلخانه‌ای بیشترین مقدار آلایندگی با میزان 861/29143 کیلوگرم دی کلرو بنزن، مربوط به مسمومیت آب‌های آزاد بوده است. تخلیه منابع فسیلی با 1500مگاژول در رده دوم تولید آلایندگی ها قرار داشت و پتانسیل گرمایش زمین با سهم 183کیلو گرم کربن دی اکسید، رتبه سوم آلایندگی ها را به خود اختصاص داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Environmental Dimensions of Cucumber Greenhouses Using Life Cycle Assessment (Case Study: East-Azarbaijan Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Erahimpour 1
  • Vali Rasooli Sharabiani 2
  • Ebrahim Taghinezhad 3
1 M.Sc. in Agricultural Mechanization, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor in Department of Biosystem Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor in Department of Agricultural Machinery, Moghan College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Agricultural production systems have a wide and varied range of energy consumption and environmental publications. Therefore, the study of environmental dimensions of any agricultural product is necessary. In this study, an integrated approach was used to assess and evaluate the greenhouse cucumber production process in East-Azarbaijan using life cycle assessment. The boundary of the system included all activities related to the production, transport and consumption of various inputs for the production of greenhouse cucumbers. Regarding the conditions of the study area, which has cold and dry air, information on spring cucumber cultivation was investigated. After collecting basic information, we calculated the life cycle log information (including three parts of consumption inputs, direct and indirect agricultural publications), and after obtaining indirect publications (Publication to Water, Publications to the Air and Publications to the Soil), the amount Pollutants were calculated in greenhouse cucumber production. According to the results of the study, the highest amount of contamination with 2914.81 kg of dichlorobenzene 861 was related to free water poisoning. The depletion of fossil resources with 1500 MJ was the second generation of pollutants, and the potential for global warming with a share of 183 Kg of carbon dioxide was the third largest pollutant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Greenhouse cucumber
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Energy

Bare, J.C., Norris, G.A., Pennington, D.W., and McKone. T. (2003). TRACI: The tool for the reduction and assessment of chemical and other environmental impacts. J. Ind. Ecol. 6: 49-78

Brentrup F., Küsters J., Kuhlmann H. and Lammel J. (2001). Application of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology to agricultural production: an example of sugar beet production with different forms of nitrogen fertilizers. European Journal of Agronomy, 14: 221–233.

Brentrup F., Küsters J., Lammel J. and Kuhlmann H. (2004). Methods to estimate on-field nitrogen emissions from crop production as an input to LCA studies in the agricultural sector. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 5(6):349-357

Dadras Sofiani, S. (2015). Evaluation of the life cycle of some crops in the dominant cropping pattern of Moghan. Master's thesis for energy mechanization engineering, Tabriz University, Tabriz. (in Farsi)

Dadras Sofiani, S.; Abdi; R.; Maysami; M. A.; Hataf, H. (2015). Comparison and Evaluation of Environmental Sustainability of Organic and Conventional Olive Culture Using the Life Cycle Assessment. In: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Sustainable Development, Solutions and Challenges, The focus of agriculture, natural resources and the environment and tourism. (in Farsi)

Erdal G., Esengün K., Erdal H., Gündüz O. (2007). Energy use and economic analysis of sugar beet production in Tokat province of Turkey. Energy 32:35-41

Gasol, C. M., Gabarrell, X., Anton, A., Rigola, M., Carrasco, J., Ciria, P., Solano, M.L., and Rieradevall, J. (2007). Life cycle assessment of a Brassica carinata bioenergy cropping system in Southern Europe. Biomass and Bioenergy 31: 543–555

Ghaderpour, O. (2016). The Effect of Agricultural Reduced Water on Energy Indicators and Appropriate Solutions. Master's Thesis in Agricultural-Energy Mechanization Engineering, University of Tehran. (in Farsi)

Ghaderpour, O.; Rafiei, S. (2016 a). Analysis and Modeling of Energy and Performance of Dry Chickpea Production in Bokan County. Iranian Journal of Biosystem Engineering, 47, 4, (p. 711-720). (in Farsi)

Ghaderpour, O.; Rafiei, S.; Sharifi, M. (2016 b). Analysis and prediction of energy and cost of alfalfa crop production using Multilayer Adaptive Neural Fuzzy Inference System in Bokan. In: Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Mechanization and Modern Technologies in Agriculture. (in Farsi)

Khoshnevisan B., Rafiee S., Omid M., Mousazadeh H. (2013). Regression modeling of field emissions in wheat production using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. Electronic Journal of Energy & Environment. 1:9-19.

Koocheki, A., Nasiri Mahallati, M., Kiani, M, R. (2014). Long-term forecasting of demand for fertilizers in agriculture. Journal of Agricultural Ecology. 4 (1),1-14. (In Farsi)

Mansourfar K. Advanced statistical methods. (2010). Tehran University Press. (in Farsi)

Mirhaji H., Khojastehpour M., Abbaspour Fard M., Mahdavi Shahri S.M. (2012). Evaluation of environmental impacts of sugar beet production (Beta vulgaris L.) with Hayat cycle method (case study: Farms of South Khorasan province). Journal of Agricultural Ecology. 4 (2): 120-112. (in Farsi)

Mousavi-Avval S.H., Rafiee S., Sharifi M., Hosseinpour S., Notarnicola B., Tassielli G., Renzulli P.A. (2016). Application of multi-objective genetic algorithms for optimization of energy, economics and environmental life cycle assessment in oilseed production. Journal of Cleaner Production. 140:808.

Namdari, M.; Rafiei, Sh.; Hosseinpour, S. (2016). Decreasing Environmental Burden by improving efficiency of sugar beet production using data envelopment analysis approach. Iranian Journal of Biosystem Engineering. 47:2 (353-361). (in Farsi)

Naudin C., van der Werf H.M., Jeuffroy M.-H., Corre-Hellou G. (2014). Life cycle assessment applied to pea-wheat intercrops: a new method for handling the impacts of co-products. Journal of Cleaner Production. 73:80

Nemecek T., Bengoa X., Lansche J., Mouron P., Rossi V., Humbert S. (2014). Methodological Guidelines for the Life Cycle Inventory of Agricultural Products. World Food LCA Database (WFLDB). Quantis and Agroscope, Version 2.0, July. Lausanne and Zurich, Switzerland.

Nemecek, T., Dubois, D., Huguenin-Elie, O., Gaillard, G. (2011). Life cycle assessment of Swiss farming systems: I. Integrated and organic farming. Agricultural Systems 104, 217-232.

Nemecek, T., Huguenin-Elie, O., Dubois, D., Gaillard, G., Schaller, B., Chervet, A., (2011b). Life cycle assessment of Swiss farming systems: II. Extensive and intensive production. Agricultural Systems104, 233-45.

Soltani A., M.H. Rajabi, E. Zeinali and E. Soltani. (2010). Evaluation of environmental impact of crop production using LCA: wheat in Gorgan. Journal of crop Production. Volume 3 (3) 201-218. (in Farsi)

Wang, M., Xia, X., Zhang, Q., and Liu, J. (2010). Life cycle assessment of a rice production system in Taihu region, China. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 17(2): 157– 161

Weidema B.P., Bauer C., Hischier R., Mutel C., Nemecek T., Reinhard J., Vadenbo C., Wernet G. (2013) Overview and methodology: Data quality guideline for the ecoinvent database. version 3, Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories.