خواص تغذیه‌ای مکمل غذای کودک تولید شده از حبوبات جوانه زده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم و مهندسی صنایع غذایی، دانشکده مهندسی و فناوری کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران.

2 گروه علوم و مهندسی صنایع غذایی، دانشکده مهندسی و فناوری کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه ارزیابی کیفیت پروتئین مکمل‌های غذایی تولید‌شده از لوبیا و ماش جوانه‌زده و ارزیابی سلامت محصول از لحاظ خواص نگهداری و محتوای فلزات سمی است. نتایج نشان داد که سطوح انرژی این محصول بالاتر از میزان نیاز انرژی روزانه توصیه‌شده توسط سازمان بهداشت جهانی برای نوزادان در سال ۲۰۰۹ می باشد. محتوای مس در محصول تولیدی پائین‌تر از میزان آن در نمونه شاهد بود. محتوای کروم در هر دو فرمول در سطح 22/0 میلی گرم در کیلوگرم به دست آمد که این سطوح و سطح مس پائین‌تر از سقف‌های مجاز مربوط به عناصر کمیاب ثبت شده توسط سازمان­های تخصصی می‌باشد. مکمل غذایی تولید شده در این مطالعه دارای سطوح بالاتر انرژی، کیفیت بهتر هضم پروتئین و مقدار بیشتر اسید آمینه می‌باشد که به همین دلیل فرمول توسعه یافته حاضر می‌تواند برای کودکان مبتلا به مشکلات تغذیه­ای و کمبود مواد مغذی مناسب باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Nutritional Properties of a Complementary Baby Food Produced from Germinated Legumes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Anwaar Yaser 1
  • Karamatollah Rezaei 2
  • Maryam Salami 1
  • Souri Oroumei 2
1 Department of Food Science, Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
2 Department of Food Science, Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the protein quality of complementary baby food produced from germinated beans and mung bean and to assess the health and safety of the product in terms of storage and toxic metal content. The results showed that energy levels of this product were higher than the daily energy requirements recommended by WHO for infants in 2009. Copper content was higher in the control compared to that in GCBF. Chromium content was at 0.22 mg/kg in both formula (GCBF and the control). These levels are below the safety limits of trace elements recorded by specialized organizations. GCBF exhibited high levels of energy and quality of digestibility of proteins and possessed the highest amounts of amino acids. Therefore, the developed formula is suitable for children suffering from nutritional problems and nutrient deficiencies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • baby food
  • germination
  • protein–energy malnutrition
  • nutritional quality

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