بررسی انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای در تولید ماکارونی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 گروه صنعتی و پژوهشی زر

چکیده

هدف از انجام این مطالعه، بررسی انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای در مراحل تولید ماکارونی می‌باشد. در این راستا، اطلاعات مورد نیاز از مراحل مختلف تولید گندم دوروم و اطلاعات خاکشناسی از سه استان عمده تولید کننده، اطلاعات حمل و نقل و کارخانه تولید ماکارونی جمع‌آوری گردید. اطلاعات جمع‌آوری شده با استفاده از نرم افزار SimaPro و با بهره‌گیری از پایگاه داده‌های Ecoinvent و با استفاده از روش پتانسیل گرمایش جهانی 100 ساله مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت و گازهای گلخانه‌ای مراحل مختلف تولید محاسبه گردید. برای محاسبه میزان انتشار حاصل از تغییرکاربری زمین، از اطلاعات مکانی مزارع مورد بررسی با استفاده از روش EPIC استفاده گردید. بر اساس نتایج به دست‌آمده میزان کل انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای تولید یک کیلوگرم ماکارونی 64/2 کیلوگرم معادل دی‌اکسیدکربن محاسبه شد و انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای حاصل از تغییر کاربری زمین و مصرف سوخت عملیات کشاورزی بیشترین تاثیر را در میزان کل پتانسیل گرمایش‌جهانی دارا بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of greenhouse gas emissions of pasta production

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Davoud Heidari 1
  • Hosein Mobli 1
  • Mahmoud Omid 1
  • Shahin Rafiee 1
  • Vahid Jamali Marbini 2
1 University of Tehran
2 Department of Research and Development of Zar Industrial and Research Group
چکیده [English]

The goal of this study was to analysis the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of pasta production. Data for this study was collected from durum wheat farms of three provinces of Iran. Data of soil properties, transportation and pasta factory stages were collected and analyzed, using SimaPro software, Ecoinvent data base and Global Warming Potential (GWP) 100 years method. EPIC model was used to calculate GHG emissions of land use change. Results of this study showed the average greenhouse a gas emission of one kg of pasta was 2.64 kg CO2-eq. Among different sources of emissions, land use change and fuel consumption for agricultural operation were the main contributors to total GWP of pasta production.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • carbon dioxide
  • Durum wheat
  • Global warming potential
  • Land Use Change
  • Life Cycle Assessment
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