ارزیابی و انتخاب بهترین روش وجین‌کاری علف‌های هرز برنج با استفاده از تکنیک رتبه‌بندی تاپسیس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه مهندسی ماشین‌های کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی و فناوری کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی انتخاب بهترین روش وجین‌کاری برنج از بین روش‌های مختلف شامل وجین دستی، کنترل شیمیایی و وجین‌کن مکانیکی، پرسش‌نامه‌‌هایی بین کشاورزان و کارشناسان شهرستان صومعه‌سرا در استان گیلان توزیع گردید. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها یک رویکرد تلفیقی کمّی و کیفی مورد استفاده قرار گرفت و با استفاده از روش آنتروپی، شاخص‌ها وزین شدند. راحتی‌کار، میزان آلودگی محیطی، تعداد کارگر مورد نیاز و هزینه، بیشترین وزن‌ها را داشته که نشان‌دهنده اهمیت این موارد برای کشاورزان و کارشناسان است. روش‌های چند شاخصه دارای شیوه‌های متنوعی در مراحل مختلف تصمیم‌گیری هستند. در این روش‌ها چندین گزینه بر اساس چندین معیار مختلف با هم مقایسه شده و در نهایت بهترین گزینه یا ترتیبی از گزینه‌های مناسب انتخاب می‌شوند. با استفاده از روش TOPSIS رتبه‌بندی بین روش‌های مختلف انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که وجین‌کن مکانیکی با 7221/0، دارای بیشترین درجه اهمیت می‌باشد و بعد از آن مبارزه شیمیایی با درجه اهمیت 5019/0 و وجین دستی با درجه اهمیت 3730/0 قرار دارند. تلاش و حمایت مسئولان در مدیریت، ارائه آموزش‌های مهارتی، فرهنگ‌سازی مناسب و تخصیص بودجه برای کشاورزان، از راهکارها مؤثر و نتیجه‌بخش به‌شمار می‌روند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating and Selecting the Best Method of Weeding in Rice Farm Using TOPSIS Ranking Technique

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nahid Taherzadeh-Shalmaei
  • Mohammad Sharifi
  • Hassan Ghasemi-Mobtaker
Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the selection of the best method for rice cultivation from among different methods including: manual weeding, chemical control and mechanical weeding, questionnaires were distributed among farmers and experts of Sowme'eh Sara city in Guilan province. A quantitative and qualitative integration approach was used to analyze the data, and the characteristics were weighed using the entropy method. The comfort of the labor, the amount of environmental pollution, the number of labors needed and the cost have the highest weights, which indicates the importance of these cases for farmers and experts. Multi-indicator methods have a variety of methods at different stages of decision making. In these methods, several options are compared based on several different criteria, and finally the best option or sequence of appropriate options is selected. Using the TOPSIS method, ranking was performed between different weeding methods. The results showed that the highest degree of impact is related to the mechanical weeder with 0.7221, followed by chemical control and manual weeding with importance degree of 0.5019 and 0.3730, respectively. Efforts and support from officials in management, providing skills training, proper culture, and budget allocation for farmers are effective and effective solutions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rice weed
  • TOPSIS method
  • Manual weeding
  • Chemical control
  • mechanical weeding
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